Mary of Bethany
Mary of Bethany (Aramaic: מרים [Maryām], Greek: Μαρία [Maria], Hebrew: מִרְיָם [Miryām]) was a sister of Lazarus and Martha.
Work and learning from Jesus
Jesus stayed at Mary's and Martha's house, and Mary listened to and learned from Jesus, while Martha provided for and served Jesus. Martha's work kept her busy, and she sought to have Mary help her with her work. Martha asked Jesus to ask Mary to help Martha with her work. Jesus responded by telling Martha that she was too worked up, that Mary was making better use of her time, and that He will not stop Mary from doing what is good.
Now while they were on their way, Jesus entered a village [called Bethany], and a woman named Martha welcomed Him into her home. She had a sister named Mary, who seated herself at the Lord’s feet and was continually listening to His teaching. But Martha was very busy and distracted with all of her serving responsibilities; and she approached Him and said,Lord, is it of no concern to You that my sister has left me to do the serving alone? Tell her to help me and do her part.But the Lord replied to her,Martha, Martha, you are worried and bothered and anxious about so many things; but only one thing is necessary, for Mary has chosen the good part [that which is to her advantage], which will not be taken away from her.— Luke 10:38–10:42 (AMP)
Martha's brother Lazarus became sick, and Martha and her sister Mary told Jesus about it.
Now a certain man named Lazarus was sick. He was from Bethany, the village where Mary and her sister Martha lived. It was the Mary who anointed the Lord with perfume and wiped His feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick. So the sisters sent word to Him, saying,Lord, he [our brother and Your friend] whom You love is sick.When Jesus heard this, He said,This sickness will not end in death; but [on the contrary it is] for the glory and honor of God, so that the Son of God may be glorified by it.Now Jesus loved and was concerned about Martha and her sister and Lazarus [and considered them dear friends]. So [even] when He heard that Lazarus was sick, He stayed in the same place two more days.— John 11:1–11:6 (AMP)
Jesus cared about Martha, Mary, and Lazarus, and He understood had he had to perform a miracle, so after two days, Jesus and His disciples went into Judea in order to help Lazarus. By the time Jesus and His disciples arrived, Lazarus had been in his tomb for four days, and many Jews visited Martha and Mary in order to offer them comfort due to the death.
Martha met with Jesus and told Him that He could have prevented Lazarus' death if He had arrived sooner. Jesus reassured her, telling her that Lazarus will rise from the dead and that everyone who believes in Him will be granted eternal life. Martha then reaffirmed her faith in Jesus.
Martha then told Mary that Jesus wanted to see Mary, and Mary went to see Jesus. The Jews who were comforting Martha and Mary believed that Mary was going to Lazarus' tomb in order to weep, so they followed her.
Mary met with Jesus and told Him that He could have prevented Lazarus' death if He had arrived sooner. Mary, and the crowd also wept. Jesus was deeply moved and asked for the location of Lazarus' tomb.
When Mary came [to the place] where Jesus was and saw Him, she fell at His feet, saying to Him,Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.When Jesus saw her sobbing, and the Jews who had come with her also sobbing, He was deeply moved in spirit [to the point of anger at the sorrow caused by death] and was troubled, and said,Where have you laid him?They said,Lord, come and see.Jesus wept.— John 11:32–35 (AMP)
Jesus asked for the stone in front of the tomb to be moved, but Martha thought that it was too late. Jesus then reminded Martha about what he had said to her earlier about those who believe in Jesus being granted eternal life. They then moved the stone, and Jesus thanked God aloud so that those around Him would know and believe that God sent Him.
Jesus then shouted with a loud voice for Lazarus to come out, and Lazarus came out alive and still wrapped in burial cloth. Jesus then commanded the people to unwrap him. Many Jews became believers in Christ due to the miracle.
Mary Anoints Jesus
Six days before Passover, Jesus went to Bethany and stayed at the home of Simon the leper. Martha served supper to Him. Lazarus was present at the table. Mary poured expensive [spike]nard perfume on Jesus' feet and head and wiped His feet with her hair. Judas Iscariot objected to the use of the expensive perfume out of greed, but Jesus told Judas to leave Mary alone and to allow Mary to keep the rest of the perfume so that she can use it for His burial.
Then Mary took a pound of very expensive perfume of pure nard, and she poured it on Jesus’ feet and wiped His feet with her hair; and the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume. But Judas Iscariot, one of His disciples, the one who was going to betray Him, said,Why was this perfume not sold for three hundred denarii and [the money] given to the poor?Now he said this, not because he cared about the poor [for he had never cared about them], but because he was a thief; and since he had the money box [serving as treasurer for the twelve disciples], he used to pilfer what was put into it.Let her alone, so that she may keep [the rest of] it for the day of My burial. You always have the poor with you, but you do not always have Me.— John 12:3–12:8 (AMP)
He also said that Mary was preparing Jesus for His burial and that Mary's actions would be told in the Gospel.
Now when Jesus was [back] in Bethany, at the home of Simon the leper, a woman came to Him with an alabaster vial of very expensive perfume and she poured it on Jesus’ head as He reclined at the table. But when the disciples saw it they were indignant and angry, saying,Why all this waste [of money]? For this perfume might have been sold at a high price and the money given to the poor.But Jesus, aware [of the malice] of this [remark], said to them,Why are you bothering the woman? She has done a good thing to Me. For you always have the poor with you; but you will not always have Me. When she poured this perfume on My body, she did it to prepare Me for burial. I assure you and most solemnly say to you, wherever this gospel [of salvation] is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be told in memory of her [for her act of love and devotion].— Matthew 26:6–26:13 (AMP)
While He was in Bethany [as a guest] at the home of Simon the leper, and reclining at the table, a woman came with an alabaster vial of very costly and precious perfume of pure nard; and she broke the vial and poured the perfume over His head. But there were some who were indignantly remarking to one another,Why has this perfume been wasted? For this perfume might have been sold for more than three hundred denarii [a laborer’s wages for almost a year], and the money given to the poor.And they scolded her. But Jesus said,Let her alone; why are you bothering her and causing trouble? She has done a good and beautiful thing to Me. For you always have the poor with you, and whenever you wish you can do something good to them; but you will not always have Me. She has done what she could; she has anointed My body beforehand for the burial. I assure you and most solemnly say to you, wherever the good news [regarding salvation] is proclaimed throughout the world, what she has done will be told in memory of her.— Mark 14:3–14:9 (AMP)