Michal (Hebrew: מיכל) was a queen consort of King David of Israel and a daughter of King Saul of Israel and Ahinoam. During David's flight from Saul, Saul married Michal to Palti, son of Laish, but David was later able to recover Michal.
Saul disobeyed and displeased God, and God had His prophet Samuel appoint David as the new King of Israel, although Saul and the people of Israel did not yet know of this. God facilitated David's entrance into Saul's company as a harp player. David slew the Philistine champion Goliath in one-on-one combat and became beloved by the people of Israel.
Saul grew jealous and distrustful of David. He attempted to arrange a marriage between Merab and David, only asking that David fight for him in exchange. Yet David refused, humbly telling Saul that it was beyond his station. Saul then had Merab marry Adriel the Meholathite instead.
Michal, however, became infatuated with David and told tell father about it. Saul then decided to attempt his scheme a second time, this time using Michal as bait.
I [Saul] will give her [Michal] to him [David] so that she may become a snare (bad influence, source of trouble) to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.— 1 Samuel 18:21 (AMP)
David refused at first, again citing his supposed low station, but Saul was eventually able to convince David to enter an arrangement with Saul: Saul would allow David to marry Michal, but first, David must provide Saul with a hundred foreskins from dead Philistines. Saul hoped that David would die in the attempt but David defied Saul's expectation and returned alive and with two hundred foreskins. Thus David won the hand of Michal and became Saul's son-in-law.
This caused Saul to become even more paranoid and fearful of David, and David continued to rise in prestige.
Saul then plotted to have David assassinated. Saul's son Jonathan warned David and was able to dissuade his father from harming David. Nevertheless, Saul's desire to eliminate David returned and Saul attempted to kill David while David was playing his harp. David and Michal then fled to their house.
Saul sent his men to watch David's house in order to have David killed in the morning. Michal urged David to fled the house at night in order to safeguard his life:
If you do not save your life tonight, tomorrow you will be killed (1 Samuel 19:11 (AMP)). Michal had David escape the house through a window. Then she laid a household idol on the bed and covered it with a pillow and clothes in order to trick Saul's men into believing that David was still there.
Saul's man arrived to kill David, but Michal told them that David was sick and in bed. They were to the bed and saw that they have been tricked. Saul demanded to know why Michal hoped David, and Michal claimed that David threatened to kill her.
Meanwhile, David fled to Samuel in Ramah. David then met with Jonathan, and Jonathan vowed to protect David from his enemies, even his father if that proved to be the case. David and Jonathan devised a test to ascertain Saul's intentions towards David, and Saul proved to be seeking David's death. Jonathan warned David, and David fled.
While in exile, David gained a following. Saul pursued David, but David eluded him. Twice, David possessed opportunities to slay Saul, yet David spared Saul.
The Philistines made war on Saul and Israel. The prophet Samuel was now dead, yet Saul still sought his counsel. Saul had the medium at En-dor summon Samuel's spirit, but Samuel stated that his prophesy about Saul losing his kingdom is coming to pass and that Saul and his sons will die on the next day.
On the next day, the Philistines slew Saul's sons Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchi-shua and severely wounded Saul in battle at Mount Gilboa. Not wishing to die at the hands of the Philistines, Saul fell on his sword. An Amalekite came upon Saul. According to the Amalekite, Saul did not succeed in killing himself and called the Amalekite over to finish the job. The Amalekite claimed to had acceded to Saul's demands and killed him. The Amalekite recovered Saul's regalia and brought it to David. David then had the Amalekite executed for killing God's appointed king.
David then honored and mourned his late father-in-law and king, along with his late brother-in-law Jonathan, with a funeral and a song.
Return to David
God commanded David to go to Hebron, and David was anointed the King of Judah, while Abner had one of Saul's surviving sons Ish-bosheth made king of the rest of Israel. David and Ish-bosheth waged war against each other, but David gained the upper hand.
One day, Ish-bosheth accused Abner of having an affair with Saul's concubine Rizpah and threatening Ish-bosheth's hold on the throne. Abner scolded Ish-bosheth in return and began negotiating his defection with David. David agreed to allow Abner to defect to him but demanded that Abner help recover David's wife Michal for him.
Good! I will make a covenant (treaty) with you [Abner], but I require one thing of you: you shall not see my face unless you first bring Michal, Saul’s daughter, when you come to see me.— 2 Samuel 3:13 (AMP)
David then demanded that Ish-bosheth return Michal to him:
Give me my wife Michal, to whom I was betrothed for [the price of] a hundred foreskins of the Philistines.— 2 Samuel 3:14 (AMP)
Ish-bosheth acceded to David's demand and took Michal from Paltiel. Paltiel was displeased, but Abner had him go away.
Abner then defected to David and swore his allegiance to David.
After this, Ish-bosheth's commanders Baanah and Rechab betrayed and murdered Ish-bosheth. They then severed Ish-bosheth's head from his body and brought it to David. David responded by having the treacherous duo executed.
David was then anointed king of all Israel.
David brought the Ark to Jerusalem and celebrated with dancing and leaping while wearing priestly clothing. Michal looked down on David for acting this way. David made offerings to the Lord and asked for God's blessings for the people of Israel. While David was asking for God's blessings for his own house, Michal mocked David.
How glorious and distinguished was the king of Israel today, who uncovered himself and stripped [off his kingly robes] in the eyes of his servants’ maids like one of the riffraff who shamelessly uncovers himself!— 2 Samuel 6:20 (AMP)
David then chided Michal.
It was before the Lord [that I did this], who chose me above your father and all his house, to appoint me as ruler over Israel, the people of the Lord. Therefore I will celebrate [in pure enjoyment] before the Lord. Yet I will demean myself even more than this, and will be humbled (abased) in my own sight [and yours, as I please], but by the maids whom you mentioned, by them I shall be held in honor.— 2 Samuel 6:21–6:22 (AMP)
And God punished Michal by not allowing her to have children.