Jesus traveled to the Samaritan town of Sychar (Shechem) and rested at the well that the Jewish Patriarch Jacob (Israel) granted to his son Joseph. A Samaritan woman arrived to draw water from the well. Jesus' disciples were away, and Jesus asked the woman for some water.
The Samaritan recognized Jesus as a Jew and asked Jesus why He was asking her for water, since Jews usually refuse to associate with Samaritans. Jesus then told her about the living water (eternal life) He gives to others.
Then a woman from Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her,Give Me a drink—For His disciples had gone off into the city to buy food—The Samaritan woman asked Him,How is it that You, being a Jew, ask me, a Samaritan woman, for a drink?(For Jews have nothing to do with Samaritans.) Jesus answered her,If you knew [about] God’s gift [of eternal life], and who it is who says,She said to Him,Give Me a drink,you would have asked Him [instead], and He would have given you living water (eternal life).Sir, You have nothing to draw with [no bucket and rope] and the well is deep. Where then do You get that living water? Are You greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and who used to drink from it himself, and his sons and his cattle also?Jesus answered her,Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again. But whoever drinks the water that I give him will never be thirsty again. But the water that I give him will become in him a spring of water [satisfying his thirst for God] welling up [continually flowing, bubbling within him] to eternal life.— John 4:7–4:14 (AMP)
The woman asked Jesus for the living life He spoke of, and Jesus told her to call her husband. The woman then Jesus that she did not have any (current) husbands, and Jesus told her that she had five past husbands and that the person he is currently living with was not her husband.
The woman said to Him,Sir, give me this water, so that I will not get thirsty nor [have to continually] come all the way here to draw.At this, Jesus said,Go, call your husband and come back.The woman answered,I do not have a husband.Jesus said to her,You have correctly said,I do not have a husband; for you have had five husbands, and the man you are now living with is not your husband. You have said this truthfully.— John 4:15–4:18 (AMP)
Hearing this, the woman recognized Jesus as a prophet and commented on the differences between Samaritans, who worshiped God at Mount Gerizim, and Jews, who worshiped God at Jerusalem. Jesus then responded by saying that there will be a time when she will not worship at either locations. He explains that both Samaritans and Jews did not know what they were worshiping and that true believers will worship God "in spirit and in truth".
The woman said to Him,Sir, I see that You are a prophet. Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews say that the place where one ought to worship is in Jerusalem [at the temple].Jesus replied,Woman, believe Me, a time is coming [when God’s kingdom comes] when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You [Samaritans] do not know what you worship; we [Jews] do know what we worship, for salvation is from the Jews. But a time is coming and is already here when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit [from the heart, the inner self] and in truth; for the Father seeks such people to be His worshipers. God is spirit [the Source of life, yet invisible to mankind], and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.— John 4:19–4:24 (AMP)
The woman told Jesus that she knows that the Messiah is coming and that the Messiah will reveal everything. Jesus then told her that He was the Messiah.
The woman said to Him,I know that Messiah is coming (He who is called Christ—the Anointed); when that One comes, He will tell us everything [we need to know].Jesus said to her,I who speak to you, am He (the Messiah).— John 4:25–4:26 (AMP)
Jesus' disciples arrived and were surprised to see Jesus with a woman, but they did not comment.
The woman left her water jar at the well and went into the city in order to spread the news about the Messiah. The people then went to see Jesus.
Then the woman left her water jar, and went into the city and began telling the people,Come, see a man who told me all the things that I have done! Can this be the Christ (the Messiah, the Anointed)?So the people left the city and were coming to Him.— John 4:28–4:30 (AMP)
The people asked Jesus to remain with them, and Jesus remained with them for two days. Due to the Samaritan woman's actions and what the people heard from Jesus themselves, many people became believers in Jesus Christ.
Now many Samaritans from that city believed in Him and trusted Him [as Savior] because of what the woman said when she testified,He told me all the things that I have done.So when the Samaritans came to Jesus, they asked Him to remain with them; and He stayed there two days. Many more believed in Him [with a deep, abiding trust] because of His word [His personal message to them]; and they told the woman,We no longer believe just because of what you said; for [now] we have heard Him for ourselves and know [with confident assurance] that this One is truly the Savior of [all] the world.— John 4:39–4:42 (AMP)